Bulky Uterus – Symptoms And Causes


bulky uterus and cervix

The uterus is small and muscular feminine reproductive organ, which is liable for preserving and nourishing the foetus till it’s prepared for delivery. The cumbersome uterus is a state of affairs by which the uterus is greater in dimension than it’s imagined to be. The cumbersome uterus just isn’t a typical situation. However, if it isn’t handled in time, then it could possibly have an effect on the fertility in girls. The cumbersome uterus is the generalized swelling of the uterine wall.

Which means that the uterine dimension is above the conventional of the uterus. The girl’s uterus is liable for holding and offering nourishment till the newborn is born. Uterus is formed like an upside – down pear and it’s roughly the dimensions of a fist. The traditional dimensions of the uterus are round three to 4 inches by two and half inches. In some situations, like being pregnant, uterus can enlarge. The enlargement of the uterus throughout being pregnant is a traditional factor.

The expansion of the uterus in dimension is permitting the fetus to get house and develop inside. If the uterus enlarges due to causes apart from being pregnant, then it’s a critical situation and it wants medical consideration. A lady with cumbersome uterus can have some heaviness within the decrease stomach and this situation can even result in excessive ache and bleeding. [1]

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Cumbersome uterus signs

There are completely different causes of the cumbersome uterus and the signs could differ primarily based on the reason for it. The most typical signs of cumbersome uterus embrace:

  • Paleness of the pores and skin and basic weak point
  • Constipation
  • Tenderness in breasts
  • Extreme hair progress
  • Pimples
  • Gaining mass over the decrease stomach
  • Gaining weight across the decrease stomach
  • Extreme bleeding in periods which can trigger anemia
  • Ache throughout sexual activity
  • Frequent and fast urge to urinate
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Bleeding after the menopause
  • Backaches
  • Stress on the uterus and the encompassing area
  • Swelling and cramping within the legs
  • Heavy bleeding and cramping within the pelvic area
  • Abnormalities within the menstrual cycle

Cumbersome uterus causes

The cumbersome uterus may be present in reproductive age group girls [2]. The heaviness within the pelvic area and a cumbersome mass within the decrease stomach are the most typical noticeable signs. However, the cumbersome uterus can go unnoticed for a very long time as a prognosis of the enlarged uterus just isn’t anticipated more often than not. The most typical causes for cumbersome uterus are subsequent:

  • Being pregnant: Being pregnant is the most typical trigger for the uterus to enlarge. The uterus is home for fetus and it’s place the place the embryo will get diet till it grows on to turn out to be a toddler. Because the fetus grows, the uterus additionally enlarges the uterus can develop from a dimension of a fist to the dimensions of watermelon. [3]
  • Perimenopause: That is the stage earlier than menopause and fluctuating hormone ranges throughout this stage could trigger uterus to enlarge. These circumstances are momentary and the uterus returns to regular dimension as soon as the lady has attained menopause. However, there are some circumstances, by which it could not return to the conventional dimension and it could possibly trigger additional issues. [4]
  • PCOS: This can be a medical situation which might make the uterus develop. That is the after impact of the hormonal imbalance which ends up in irregular menstruation cycle and the shedding of the endometrial lining. The endometrial lining is usually shed in the course of the menstrual cycle, however in few girls, the uterine lining just isn’t shed, which ends up in enlarged uterus. This situation impacts round 10% of girls of childbearing age. [5]
  • Ovarian cysts: These are both strong or fluid – stuffed sacs which develop on the floor or inside it. Often, ovarian cysts are asymptomatic they usually go on their very own. However, in some circumstances, these constructions can result in varied well being problems, together with the enlargement of the uterus.
  • Endometrial most cancers: The uterine most cancers could cause the uterus to enlarge, which is leading to cumbersome uterus. This drawback occurs in females which are 50 years or above. Often, it’s caught quickly at first levels, as a result of the cumbersome uterus is likely one of the most important signs of endometrial most cancers. [6]


The most typical problems attributable to cumbersome uterus are subsequent:

  • An infection
  • Extreme bleeding
  • Prolapse
  • Infertility
  • Ache and strain within the pelvic area


[1] Kido A, Togashi Okay, Koyama T, et al. Diffusely enlarged uterus: Analysis with MR imaging. RadioGraphics. 2003;23(6).

[2] Guo XC, Segars JH. The impression and administration of fibroids for fertility: an evidence-based strategy. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America. 2012;39(4):521–33. doi:10.1016/j.ogc.2012.09.005

[3] Tamura H, Kishi H, Kitade M, et al. Issues and outcomes of pregnant girls with adenomyosis in Japan. Reproductive Medication and Biology. 2017;16(4):330–6. doi:10.1002/rmb2.12050

[4] Nicula R, Costin N. Administration of endometrial modifications in perimenopausal girls. Clujul Medical. 2015;88(2):101–10. doi:10.15386/cjmed-421

[5] Ndefo UA, Eaton A, Inexperienced MR. Polycystic ovary syndrome: A overview of remedy choices with a give attention to pharmacological approaches. Pharmacy and Therapeutics. 2013;38(6):336-8,348,355.

[6] Wu Y, Solar W, Liu H, Zhang D. Age at menopause and danger of growing endometrial most cancers: A meta-analysis. BioMed Analysis Worldwide. 2019.


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