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Medical Tests Every Adult Should Get to Prevent Serious Diseases

It does not matter what age you currently have, it is always beneficial to take care of your health. However, it does take some serious effort to keep yourself healthy. One part of keeping yourself healthy is having appropriate screening tests that are helpful in detecting the potential health problems which can be treated early.

We care about our readers’ health and that is why we have compiled a list of some screening tests that a person should get done sooner than later to avoid any risk of being affected by some certain diseases.

Skin checks

According to a survey, normally 10 million people across the world are affected by sin cancer and its various forms every year. To remain on the safe side, it is best to get yourself checked once a month from the age of 18 years old. Screening performed by medical professionals is normally based on some of the following risk factors.

  • Significant sun exposure
  • A family history of cancer
  • Fair skin
  • Presence of unusual moles
  • Medical history of several blistering sunburns

A certified dermatologist will examine your skin of the entire body to look for any suspicious growths, moles or lesions.

Cholesterol check

Cholesterol check

The Cholesterol test is performed via blood test and the physician might ask you to remain on fast for 9 to 12 hours. A Cholesterol test measures the levels of the following in your body.

  • Cholesterol level
  • HDL Cholesterol
  • LDL Cholesterol
  • Triglycerides

A normal and healthy cholesterol level is something below 200mg/dL. Certain risk factors that the examiner will take into consideration are as follows.

  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • BMI over 30
  • Family medical history of stroke
  • Family relatives who suffered a stroke

Diabetes

Every adult should take a diabetes test 2 to 3 times a year as many diabetes cases do not show any early signs or symptoms at an early stage. However, if you experience any of the following symptoms, you should take a diabetes test.

  • Extreme thirst
  • Feeling of tiredness
  • Feeling hungry  even after eating
  • Blurred vision
  • Urinating often
  • Having sores or cut that heal slowly

Blood pressure higher than that of 135/80 mm Hg is also a symptom of diabetes. Few of the tests for diabetes are as follows.

  • hemoglobin A1C blood test
  •  a fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test
  • an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)

Hepatitis

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is a medical condition which causes inflammation of the liver. It is normally caused by viral infections but there are also mammy other causes for Hepatitis.

For many people, the symptoms of Hepatitis can be silent. If you do not experience particular symptoms, then Hepatitis C could be affecting your immune system and can also lead to liver cirrhosis or even the liver cancer.

There are 5 following types of Hepatitis.

  •  Hepatitis A
  •  Hepatitis B
  •  Hepatitis C
  • Hepatitis D
  •  Hepatitis E

Blood cancer

The early detection of Leukemia is very curial to treating it which is also more commonly known as Blood Cancer. In general, there are over 137 types of blood cancers but the 3 main types are as follows.

  • Leukemia
  •  Lymphoma
  • Myeloma

Blood cancer can be detected through a simple blood test which is used to detect the following conditions.

  • To diagnose leukemia and lymphoma
  • To find out, if cancer has spread to the bone marrow
  • To determine the condition as to how the body is handling blood cancer
  • Diagnose other noncancerous conditions

Bone density test

Bone density test

Nearly 10 percent o the world population suffers from bone related problems and 80 percent of them are women. To have a b0one test, a person is usually required to give in a urine sample which is then followed by an X-Ray test. You can take this test once a year.

If the X-rays show a person having a pre-osteoporotic state of low bone density, then the doctor will advise the person to consume the following on daily basis.

  • At least 1,000 mg of calcium
  • 400 to 800 IUs of vitamin D

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