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Why You May Be Experiencing High Blood Sugar – Diabetes Daily


Excessive blood sugar is a part of a life with diabetes, whether or not it’s type 1type 2LADA, gestational diabetes, even the more rare forms of the disease. However generally, hyperglycemia can appear unexplainable, persistent, and cussed.

This text will define the explanation why you could be experiencing excessive blood sugar, and what you are able to do about it.

What Precisely Occurs When Blood Sugar Is Excessive?

Excessive blood sugar, by definition, is when there’s an excessive amount of glucose within the blood and never sufficient insulin to assist the cells digest it. That further glucose floating round within the bloodstream is what brings about signs of frequent urination, fatigue, mind fog, headache, physique ache. In extreme instances, it could actually result in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).

Individuals with diabetes handle their blood sugars by taking both oral medications or insulin, and monitoring each their food intake and exercise each day.

However even while you’ve accomplished all the things “proper,” like counting carbohydrates and taking your medicines, your blood sugar could rise and keep annoyingly (or dangerously) excessive. These are the highest explanation why you could be experiencing unexplainable hyperglycemia.

You’re Pressured

Ever surprise why while you’re stressed about work or faculty your blood stays excessive? That’s as a result of the discharge of pure hormones in your physique, like adrenaline and cortisol, spike while you’re confused, resulting in insulin resistance, and in folks with present diabetes, excessive blood sugars. Whether or not you’re prepping for an enormous check, promoting your property, hustling for that promotion at work, or preventing along with your partner, stress can ship your blood sugars skyrocketing.

Daybreak Phenomenon

Dawn Phenomenon describes the excessive blood sugars and insulin resistance folks expertise within the morning, often between 2 a.m. and eight a.m. 

The phenomenon is pure: late in a single day, the physique releases a surge of hormones in preparation for the brand new day. These hormones can set off the liver to dump glucose into the bloodstream. In folks with diabetes, the physique can’t produce a wholesome insulin response, and subsequently blood glucose ranges spike up.

Many individuals with diabetes require extra insulin throughout these hours, possibly even twice as a lot, to counteract this age-old hormonal impact.

A special, much less widespread (however extra harmful) phenomenon might also clarify morning blood sugar highs: Somogyi effect.

You’re Sick

When folks with diabetes are under the weather (or preventing off an an infection), their blood sugars are usually a lot larger than regular, they usually turn out to be far more insulin-resistant.

This will generally end in needing 75% (or extra!) of your common each day insulin necessities. Be sure to’re staying hydrated, monitoring for ketones, and taking as a lot insulin as you could hold your blood sugars in vary.

For those who can’t management your blood sugars throughout sickness – particularly in the event you’re having hassle consuming or consuming – it’s essential to get in contact along with your physician.

You’re Consuming Too Many Carbs

Let’s face it: carbohydrates spike blood sugar. It’s one thing that individuals with diabetes want to consider practically each time they eat.

Take a look at your blood sugar incessantly to see how your personal physique responds to completely different meals. Some folks could discover that they’ll comfortably eat recent fruit, however not added sugars or white rice. Some could discover one thing utterly completely different.

And in the event you use insulin earlier than meals, you in all probability already know that carbohydrate counting will be an inexact science. The extra carbs you eat, the extra insulin you could take, and the tougher it’s to ship that completely dosed and completely timed pre-bolus.

Even just a little carbohydrate restriction is probably going to assist cut back the frequency and depth of blood sugar highs.

You’re Consuming Hidden Carbs

Ever order a salad at a restaurant, considering will probably be a pleasant, low-carbohydrate possibility, solely to expertise debilitating excessive blood sugars for hours on finish afterward? There are a lot of deceiving meals that we predict are low-carb, however are something however.

Sugar and starches cover in lots of meals the place you wouldn’t anticipate finding them, particularly at eating places and among the many processed meals within the grocery retailer. Some examples of meals that appear “wholesome” however may cause a blood sugar nightmare embrace:

  • Salads with candy dressings and croutons or different toppings (or salad in a bread bowl)
  • Soups
  • Smoothies (particularly fruit smoothies)
  • Fruit juice
  • Meals labeled “gluten-free”
  • Granola
  • Flavored yogurts
  • Fats-free ice cream
  • Restaurant meals (particularly resulting from excessive portion sizes)

“Wholesome” doesn’t essentially imply “diabetes-friendly.” Fats-free merchandise are sometimes fortified with sugars and starches. And plenty of gluten-free merchandise have much more carbohydrates than their normal gluten counterparts.

For those who’ve chosen a restaurant that may present dietary info, ask for it, so that you’ll know precisely what number of carbohydrates you’ll be consuming. Think about asking for salad dressings and sauces on the aspect. 

Your Insulin Pump Might Be Kinked

For those who’re insulin-dependent, the very first thing it is best to do on the signal of cussed excessive blood sugar is to verify to see when you have a kink in your insulin pump cannula. This will block the supply of insulin, resulting in a really irritating day.

For those who’re uncertain, change your pump web site! Ensure that to name your insulin pump producer to allow them to know of the problem, and they’ll often mail you a substitute at no cost.

You’ve Injected Into Scar Tissue

If there’s no kink within the cannula, or in the event you’re utilizing syringes to ship a number of each day injections (MDI), you might have additionally simply picked a “unhealthy” web site. When insulin is injected (both manually or with an insulin pump infusion set) into scar tissue, absorption suffers, leading to unpredictable and excessive blood sugars.

Ensure that to all the time rotate your sites as a lot as attainable to keep away from growing scar tissue and the inevitable excessive blood sugars they convey.

Your Medicines Want Adjusting

Our our bodies are continually altering. It might be foolish to anticipate the identical insulin to carbohydrate ratio or insulin sensitivity components and even the identical variety of milligrams of our oral diabetes medicines for our whole lives.

Be sure to’re seeing your endocrinologist or diabetes physician usually; they might help refine your treatment routine.

You could be particularly more likely to require changes in the event you’ve lately misplaced or gained weight, have elevated or decreased your exercise ranges, are going by means of a nerve-racking life change, are pregnant, or planning on becoming pregnant, or haven’t been to the physician for some time.

Your Medicines Are Expired

At all times verify to ensure your medicines aren’t expired! At room temperature, insulin will lose potency

Oral medicines can final for much longer, however you continue to must be cognizant of expiration dates and be sure to’re refilling your prescriptions usually to keep away from taking an expired (and doubtlessly ineffective) dose.

What to Do When Your Blood Sugar Is Excessive

Excessive blood sugars can vary from not-a-big-deal to a life-or-death emergency. Ensure that to verify your blood sugar typically and monitor for any indicators of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). In case you have blood sugars which are over 250 md/dL for quite a lot of hours and you’ve got reasonable to excessive ketones, you’ll need to hunt emergency medical care instantly. For those who don’t have ketones, however need to really feel higher as quickly as attainable, strive a few of these ways:

  • Train – cardio (a stroll, jog and even leaping jacks) can carry blood sugar down shortly
  • Take a correction bolus of insulin
  • Change your pump web site
  • Chug water
  • Take a hot shower or bath 
  • Handle stress with a fast yoga sequence or meditation
  • Take a look at for ketones (when you have reasonable or excessive ketones and your blood sugar has been excessive for a number of hours, name your physician or go to the emergency room immediately)

Understanding why you’re experiencing excessive blood sugars is another approach to enhance your life with diabetes! At all times work along with your physician earlier than altering your oral treatment and/or insulin remedy.

Have you ever ever skilled a thriller, cussed excessive blood sugar? What helped you to get it down shortly? Share this publish and remark beneath; we love listening to from our readers!



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Learn extra about blood glucose/sugar management, dawn phenomenon, exercise, gluten-free, high blood sugar (hyperglycemia), insulin, insulin pumps, Intensive management, low-carb diet, sick days, stress.





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